In order to preserve the quality of your wine, both in taste and aroma, there are some basic essential tips that you must adhere to. These tips will help preserve your wine until you are ready to drink it.
1. Avoid Heat
Wine and heat are two parallel lines; they never meet. If you are thinking of storing your wine for a while before drinking it, you should strive immensely to keep it away from heat. Exposing your wine to high temperature will damage some chemicals within it, causing it to have a flat taste and/or aroma.
The optimum temperature for storage of wine lies between 450 F and 650F with 550F being the most ideal. If occasionally the temperature goes higher, it is still okay, as long as this condition does not persist.
You can also use under counter wine cooler to store wine.
2. Avoid too Much Cold
As extreme heat destroys the chemicals in your wine, hence altering its taste and aromas, extreme cold is equally as bad. Storing your wine in your freezer for an extended period would do more harm than good. In order to prevent food spoilage, the average fridge temperature falls below 45. This condition takes away moisture causing the wine cork to dry out. This dryness may allow air to enter into the wine destroying the wine quality.
Also, storing in a freezer may cause the wine to freeze, causing the ice to push against the cork.
3. Avoid Light
To preserve the quality of your wine and allow it stay a bit longer, keep it away from light. The best environment for the storage of wine is in dark cellars. Ever wondered why some wine makers use colored bottles for their wine? These bottles act like sunglasses, reflecting rays from the surrounding. Of all kinds of light, the most destructive to your wine is sunlight as it contains a high amount of ultra violet rays.
4. Sideways Positioning
The positioning of the wine bottles plays as much role in its preservation as the environment in which it is stored. From time immemorial, the ideal positioning for storing of wine is laying them on their sides. This is to allow the cork to continually stay moist, as it would prevent drying out of the cork and stop air from slipping through.
But in cases where the wine has alternative closures like plastic cork or glass, the sideways positioning matters less.
Generally, however, a sideways positioning of bottles help save space.
5. Avoid Intense Shaking
Intense vibrations are not suitable for the quality of your wine, particularly in the long term, as this causes the chemicals to react more quickly. Also, in older wines, vibrations tend to disturb sediments lying on the bottom of the bottle giving the wine a gritty unpleasant taste.
But vibrations would only significantly affect the quality of a wine if it is intense, as there are no documented facts that small vibrations cause any depreciation of taste or quality.